There are mainly warm regions, but the continent can be divided into 4 zones: tropical, temperate, arid and cold. The largest climatic zone is the tropical wetland, where savannas and rain forests can be found. It’s hot and it rains all year round. The largest rainforest in the world is located here, the Amazon rainforest, which covers more than 5,179,976 square kilometers.
Average annual temperatures in the Amazon basin fluctuate around 27 ° C (81 ° F), with low thermal amplitudes and high rates of precipitation.
The central-eastern plateau of Brazil has a warm and humid tropical climate. The northern and eastern parts of the Argentine pampas have a humid subtropical climate with dry winters and humid summers, while the western and eastern areas have a dinaric-type subtropical climate.
The distribution of rainfall is related to the regime of winds and air masses. The Pacific coast of Colombia and northern Ecuador have the most rainfall, and the Atacama Desert is one of the driest regions in the world.
South America is one of the most biodiverse continents on earth and home to many unique species of fungi, plants, and animals. Unfortunately, many governments are in favor of deforestation and endanger the extremely high biodiversity (a large part of the earth’s species live here).